- Fragility fractures
- Vertebral compression fractures
- Osteoporotic compression fractures. These usually happen as a result of thinning and weakening bones caused by osteoporosis.
More Movement and Physical ActivityOne prevention strategy that is highly recommended is more movement and physical activity. This does not include occasional gentle movements like taking a break from sitting. Improving the spine’s health means using the full range of motion and loading the bones so they can get build strength. This could be walking more, which creates spinal resistance. Also using light weights with high repetitions with five to ten pounds of a load is enough to challenge the spine without generating muscle stress.
- Tai chi
- Other exercises that move the body in different directions
Medications and Other ConditionsThere are medications that can help build bone density, but there are also medications for conditions that can actually cause faster bone density loss. Individuals could be taking a medication that’s good for one issue/condition, but not realize it may be associated with a reduction in bone density. This is why it is important to review prescriptions with a doctor with bone density loss side effects in mind. Medications that can cause bone loss include:
- Aromatase inhibitors for breast cancer
- Androgen deprivation therapy for prostate cancer
- Proton pump inhibitors
- Depo-Provera for contraception
- Anti-seizure drugs like carbamazepine and phenytoin
- Diuretics like furosemide
Adding Calcium To The DietAn adequate intake of calcium is essential for osteoporosis prevention and helps lower the risk of fragility fractures. A low calcium intake contributes significantly to lower bone density and faster bone loss with age. Vitamin D also helps in bone injury prevention.
TreatmentCompression fracture/s diagnosis is confirmed through imaging tests like:
- Magnetic resonance imaging MRI scan
- Bone scan
- Computed tomography CT scan
Changes in an individual’s ’30sAs an individual enters their 30’s and up, new challenges begin to emerge with greater demands at work and home. A few things that can begin to present:
- More flab on the middle that gets harder to burn off
- Performance at work, the gym, or on the road slows down or begins to reverse
- Workouts, sporting events, physical activity that the body was able to bounce back from quite easily now take twice as long to recover from