Dr. Alex Jimenez, El Paso's Chiropractor
I hope you have enjoyed our blog posts on various health, nutritional and injury related topics. Please don't hesitate in calling us or myself if you have questions when the need to seek care arises. Call the office or myself. Office 915-850-0900 - Cell 915-540-8444 Great Regards. Dr. J

Acute Pelvis & Hip Trauma Imaging Diagnosis Part II | El Paso, TX.

pelvis trauma el paso tx.
pelvis trauma el paso tx.

Hip Fractures

pelvis trauma el paso tx.
  • Garden Classification (above) helps with Dx and correct management of patients
  • M/C Fx are subcapital (80%)
  • Fxs differentiated as intra-capsular (high risk of AVN) & extra-capsular (lower risk of AVN)
  • Garden 1: incomplete undisplaced Fx typically impaction with valgus off-set of the head (15-20% AVN) patient able to ambulate
  • Garden 2: complete, undisplaced Fx (30% AVN)
  • Garden 3: complete, partially <50% displaced
  • Garden 4: complete, 100% displaced Fx, pt collapsed with entire LE in ER (below image)
  • Most osteoporotic Fx are intracapsular

Complete Displaced Femoral Neck Fracture Clinical Presentation

pelvis trauma el paso tx.
pelvis trauma el paso tx.

Imaging: Begins with X-radiography with Most Fxs

  • CT scanning may help with further delineation of Fx complexity/displacement and Dx of additional regional Fxs
  • MRI can be helpful if x-radiography fails to Dx fx
  • X-radiography pitfalls: some undisplaced Garden 1 & 2 Fxs may be missed d/t pre-existing DJD and osteophytes along the femoral head-neck junction that may overly the Fx line
  • Fx line is incomplete and too small/subtle especially if the study is read by non-radiologists
  • Incomplete Fxs if left untreated will not heal and likely to progress to complete Fxs
pelvis trauma el paso tx.
  • AP hip spot view: note valgus deformity of the head (above yellow arrow) with a small/subtle line of sclerosis in the sub-capital region representing Garden 1 Fx. MRI may help with Dx of subtle radiographic Fxs. If MRI contraindicated, Tc 99 radionuclide bone scan may help demonstrate high uptake of the radiopharmaceutical in Fx (below image)
pelvis trauma el paso tx.

Above – Tc99 Radionuclide Bone Scan Reveals Left Subcapital Femoral Neck Fx

pelvis trauma el paso tx.
  • Garden 2 complete undisplaced (above green arrows) Fx
pelvis trauma el paso tx.
  • AP hip: Garden 3 complete partially displaced Fx (above the first image)
  • AP pelvis: complete displaced Garden 4 Fx (above the second image)
  • Clinical pearls: in some cases of Garden 4 Fx, DDx may be difficult to differentiate from OSP vs. pathologic fx d/t to bone Mets of Multiple myeloma (MM)
  • Management: depends on patients age and activity level
  • Garden 3 & 4  require total hip arthroplasty in patients <85-y.o.
  • Garden 1 & 2 may be treated with closed reduction of fx and open capsule and 3-cannulated fixating screws
  • Pre-existing DJD may require total arthroplasty
  • Occasionally observation may be performed on patients who are not active and significant risks of surgery and depends on surgical centers
pelvis trauma el paso tx.
  • m/c Rx of Garden 1 & 2 undisplaced Fx with 3-screws. Screws proximity depends on the bone quality and Fx type
pelvis trauma el paso tx.
  • THA aka hip replacement: cemented THA with bone cement (above the first image) vs. non-cemented (biologic) that is used mostly in younger patients
  • 2-types: metal on metal vs. metal on polyethylene
  • The femoral angle of the prosthesis should have slight valgus but never >140 degrees
  • The non-cemented component uses porous metal allowing the bone to integrate sometimes coating in bone cement from osteoconduction
  • THA has good outcome and prognosis
  • Occasionally cement failure, fractures, and infections may complicate this procedure 

Supplemental Reading

Acute Pelvis & Hip Trauma

Dr. Alexander Jimenez ♛
Advanced Chiropractic & Wellness Authority ⚕ Healthcare Educator • Injury, Sciatica Specialist • 915-850-0900 📞
We Welcome You 👊🏻. Purpose & Passions: I am a Doctor of Chiropractic specializing in progressive, cutting-edge therapies and functional rehabilitation procedures focused on clinical physiology, total health, practical strength training, and complete conditioning. We focus on restoring normal body functions after neck, back, spinal and soft tissue injuries. We use Specialized Chiropractic Protocols, Wellness Programs, Functional & Integrative Nutrition, Agility & Mobility Fitness Training and Cross-Fit Rehabilitation Systems for all ages. As an extension to effective rehabilitation, we too offer our patients, disabled veterans, athletes, young and elder a diverse portfolio of strength equipment, high-performance exercises and advanced agility treatment options. We have teamed up with the cities premier doctors, therapist and trainers to provide high-level competitive athletes the possibilities to push themselves to their highest abilities within our facilities. We’ve been blessed to use our methods with thousands of El Pasoans over the last three decades allowing us to restore our patients’ health and fitness while implementing researched non-surgical methods and functional wellness programs. Our programs are natural and use the body’s ability to achieve specific measured goals, rather than introducing harmful chemicals, controversial hormone replacement, un-wanted surgeries, or addictive drugs. We want you to live a functional life that is fulfilled with more energy, a positive attitude, better sleep, and less pain. Our goal is to ultimately empower our patients to maintain the healthiest way of living. With a bit of work, we can achieve optimal health together, no matter the age or disability. Join us in improving your health for you and your family. It’s all about: LIVING, LOVING & MATTERING! 🍎 Welcome & God Bless EL PASO LOCATIONS Central: 6440 Gateway East, Ste B Phone: 915-850-0900 East Side: 11860 Vista Del Sol, Ste 128 Phone: 915-412-6677