Dr. Alex Jimenez, El Paso's Chiropractor
I hope you have enjoyed our blog posts on various health, nutritional and injury related topics. Please don't hesitate in calling us or myself if you have questions when the need to seek care arises. Call the office or myself. Office 915-850-0900 - Cell 915-540-8444 Great Regards. Dr. J

The Elbow: Diagnostic Imaging Approach | El Paso, TX.

Acute Elbow Trauma

  • In adults: Radial head Fx is the m/c (33%) and accounts for 1.5-4% of all fractures. Etiology: FOOSH with forearm pronated. Associated injuries: elbow collateral ligaments tears. EssexLoprestiFx with interosseous membrane tearing and dislocation of the Distal Radio-Ulnar Joint(DRUJ)
  • Terrible triad: of the Radial head Fx, elbow dislocation and Coronoid process Fx (typically avulsed by the Brachialis M)
  • Imaging: 1st step is x-radiography with elbow series, CT scanning may help in complex cases, MRIif ligamentous injury.
  • In children: Supracondylar Fx of the distal humerus accounts for 90% of acute trauma. It is always d/t accidental trauma with FOOSH and elbow extended, rarely <5% with flexed elbow. MostSupracondylar Fx occur in children <10 y.o. Males>Females. Complications: malunion in cubitus varus aka Gunstock deformity, vascular injury and acute ischemic compartment syndrome with Volkmann contracture
  • Imaging: 1st step x-radiography can be sufficient. CT occasionally used in complex cases.
elbow imaging el paso tx.
  • Radial head (RH) Fx: Mason classification helps to determine the degree of complexity and mode of treatment
  • Type 1- undisplaced is the m/c and stable contained by ligaments. On radiographs can be very subtle and evaluation of abnormal elbow fat pads is critical and often the only diagnostic clue
  • Type 2- displaced by 2-mm or > with rotational block
  • Type 3- comminuted >2-3 fragments and
  • Type4 is presented with RH fx, posterior elbow dislocation and sometimes Coronoid process fracture often d/t Brachialis M avulsion
  • Rx: Type 1 managed non-operatively by immobilization and movement rehab. Type 2- ORIF if rotational block. Type 3 and 4, ORIF and RH resection or RH arthroplasty
  • Note abnormally displaced anterior fat pad (orange arrow) and the emergence of the posterior fat pad (green arrow) that is usually deep in the olecranon fossa and not seen unless acute hemarthrosis or other effusiondevelopsFat pad signs are most reliable indicators of intra-articular elbow Fx
elbow imaging el paso tx.
  • Mason type 1 RH Fx can be v. subtle and missed. Radiographic search should involve a close evaluation of positive fat pad signs. Note anterior fat pad displacement aka Sail sign and the presence of the post fat pad d/t acute bleed
elbow imaging el paso tx.
elbow imaging el paso tx.
  • Monteggia fracture-dislocations: prox 1/3ulnar shaft Fx. with concomitant dislocation of PRUJ (radial head). FOOSH injury. Children4-12 y.o. Infrequent in adults.
  • X-rays readily reveal ulnar Fx but radial head dislocation may be subtle and occasionally missed. This is a serious injury leading to elbow disability if Dx delayed 2-3 weeks or left untreated. X-rays are typically sufficient:Rx: casting vs. operative.
elbow imaging el paso tx.
elbow imaging el paso tx.
elbow imaging el paso tx.
  • Supracondylar Fx: this is the M/C elbow Fx in children.
  • Especially, the un-displaced types 1(top right) is difficult to Dx. Abnormality of “fat pads” and anterior humeral line and radiocapitella line disturbance are often most reliable
  • Type 3 carries a particularly high risk for Volkmann contracture (vascularischemic-necrosis of the anterior forearm muscle compartment
elbow imaging el paso tx.
elbow imaging el paso tx.

Elbow complaints in a young athlete

elbow imaging el paso tx.
  • Epicondyle Fx: common pediatric injury, about 10%.Essentially an avulsion Fx and a MUCL tear. Medial epicondyle is m/c Fx. FOOSH is the m/c mechanism.M>F. If minimally displaced or undisplaced can be treated with casting esp. in non-dominant arm. If displaced as in this case, require ORIF.
  • Medial epicondyle avulsive Fx in a young baseball pitcher was coined a “little league elbow” in the 60sand now should be avoided to avoid confusion
  • OCD of the Capitellum is a common athletic injury induced by repeated compression/flexion. OCD must be DDx from Panner’s disease or osteochondritis typically presented in younger patients
  • Difficulty in diagnosis may stem from multipleapophysis about the elbow (see CRITOE)
  • Imaging: 1st step: x-rays followed by MRI and/or MRarthrogramme if indicated.
  • CT may help with complex injury evaluation. MRI and/or MSKUS may help with a ligament injury.

Elbow Arthritis

elbow imaging el paso tx.
  • DJD of the elbow is uncommon and typically 2nd to trauma, occupation, CPPD, OCD of theCapitellum or other pathology. Clinically: pain, reduced ROM esp. in dominant arm, deterioration of ADL. Loss of terminal flexion and extension. 50% develop Ulnarcompressive neuropathy. Rx: conservative,arthroscopic debridement/osteophytes removal, capsular release. In older patients and not active patients Total Elbow Arthroplasty (TEA) can be used
  • Imaging: x-radiography is sufficient, CT helps with pre-operative planning
elbow imaging el paso tx.
  • Inflammatory Arthritis: RA of the elbow is frequent (20-50%) and destructive d/t synovitis, pannus, bone/cartilage, and ligamentous destruction/laxity. Clinically: begins after the onset of hands symptoms with, symmetrical swelling, pain, reduced ROM, flexion contracture. Presence of rheumatoid nodules can be noted along the olecranon and posterior forearm. Rx: DMARD, operative tendons repair.
  • Imaging: x-radiography with early non-specific effusion (fat pads),later: erosions, symmetric JSL, osteopenia. MSK US helps early Dx. MRI reveals synovitis, bone edema correlates with pre-erosive x-ray findings, synovial enhancement on FS T1+C.
  • Gouty Arthritis: may affect the elbow but less than in the lower extremity. Olecranon bursitis causing a “rising sun sign” on x-rays with or w/o bone erosions. Aspiration and polarised microscopy revealing needle-shaped negatively birefringent monosodium urate crystals. Rx: colchicine, other meds.
  • Septic Arthritis: consider in diabetics, IV drug users, concurrent RA, patients with active TB, gonococcal in young adults. Clinically presents as monoarthritis with or w/o constitutional signs. X-ray: poor detection in early stages. US may show effusion and high Doppler.MRI: effusion, osseous edema. Bone scintigraphy can help as well. Labs: CBC, ESR, CRP. Diagnostic arthrocentesis with gram staining and culture are crucial. Rx: Prompt IV antibiotics
elbow imaging el paso tx.
  • Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) considered M/C chronic disease of childhood and precedes IBD infrequency. Dx is clinical and imaging: Criteria: Joint pain and swelling in a child 0-16-years for 6-weeks or longer. Many forms exist M/C pauciarticular(oligoarticular) 40%, F>M, associated with ocular involvement (iridocyclitis) and potential blindness. Polyarticular and Systemic forms.
  • Elbow is frequently affected along with the knee, wrists, and hands, especially in polyarticular dz.
  • Labs: ESR/CRP RF-VE in most cases
  • Imaging: early x-ray features are non-specific. Later: osseous erosion, destruction of joint cartilage, overgrowth of articular epiphyses, early closure of physis. Delayed features: 2nd DJD, joint ankyloses.DDx: hemophilic arthropathy. Cervical radiographs are crucial.
  • Rx: DMARD, conservative care

Miscellaneous pathologies

elbow imaging el paso tx.
  • Supracondylar process: 2% of the population. Described by Sir JohnStruthers in 1854. Fibrous band(Ligament of Struthers) may lead to compression of the Median N. DDx fromOsteochondroma that typically points away from the joint
  • Primary synovial chondrometaplasia (Reichel Syndrome): abnormalmetaplasia of synovial cells shedding cartilage into joint potentially causing DJD, extrinsic bone erosion, synovitis, nerve compressions etc. Removedoperatively. Imaging: multiple osseocartilaginous loose bodies of relatively equal sizes in the joint cavityDDx with DJD and 2ndosteochondromatosis. MRI-low signal onT1 and T2 with potential joint effusion. Ina tight joint like the elbow may present with large joint distention.•
  • Panner’s Disease: osteochondrosis of theCapitellum typically in 5-10 y.o. young athlete DDX from OCD of Capitellum(discussed) that occurs in teenagers.Clinically: pain on activity. Recovery occurs in most cases by spontaneous healing. Imaging: x-rays reveal sclerosis and slight fragmentation of theCapitellum w/o loose body. MRI: low T1and high T2 signal in the entireCapitellum.
  • Myositis Ossificance:

Soft Tissue & Bone Neoplasms about the Elbow

  • Lipoma: intramuscular, subcutaneous. Most common soft tissue neoplasms. Composed of fat but a substantial number may undergo fat necrosis-calcification-fibrosis. Typically remains benign. Occasionally difficult to DDx from a well-differentiated liposarcoma. Imaging: x radiography: radiolucent lesion well-circumscribed with or w/o calcification. US and MRI are important. On MRIT1high, T2 low SI.
  • Hemangioma: benign vascular lesion, often composed of multiple vascular channels. Capillary vs. cavernous. More common in children, but found in any age. May often form phleboliths (calcification). Imaging: x-rays reveal soft tissue mass containing phleboliths. MRI: T1-high or variable signal. T2-high signal in areas of slow flow. “bag of worms” sign. Biopsy best avoided. Rx: difficult: local excision vs. embolization vs. observation. High recurrence.
  • Peripheral Nerve sheath tumor (PNST): benign vs.malignant. Greater incidence in NF1 with a higher risk of malignant PNST. Benign PNST: Schwannoma vs.Neurofibroma. Spinal vs. peripheral nerves. Histology: Schwann cells interspersed with fibroblast and vessels.Clinically: pts in 20s and 30s, palpable mass with or w/o local pressure. Imaging: MRI: T1: split-fat sign, T2: target sign. T1+C enhancement
  • Soft Tissue Sarcomas: MFH, Synovial sarcoma,(discussed), Liposarcoma (more frequent in the retroperitoneum) Dx: MRI. Clinically: Dx is delayed d/t painless enlarging mass often ignored. Clinically palpable mass deserves MRI examination, US may be helpful. Biopsy confirms Dx.
  • Malignant bone Neoplasms: Children: OSA, Ewing’s sarcoma (discussed) Adults: Mets, Myeloma (discussed)

The Elbow

Trauma Specialist Testimonies and Case Studies

Why Patients Choose Accidents Specialist to Treat Injuries
By Dr. Alexander Jimenez
1/ 42
  1. 1 Chiropractic Care on Whiplash | El Paso, Tx Chiropractic Care on Whiplash | El Paso, Tx 02:15
  2. 2 Car accident Injury Rehabilitation | El Paso, Tx Car accident Injury Rehabilitation | El Paso, Tx 02:19
  3. 3 *CAR ACCIDENTS* Chiropractor | El Paso, Tx (2019) *CAR ACCIDENTS* Chiropractor | El Paso, Tx (2019) 02:35
  4. 4 Recommended El Paso, TX Chiropractor Recommended El Paso, TX Chiropractor 03:43
  5. 5 Severe Back Pain Chiropractic Treatment El Paso, TX Severe Back Pain Chiropractic Treatment El Paso, TX 04:09
  6. 6 *CHRONIC* Pain Chiropractic Care | El Paso, Tx (2019) *CHRONIC* Pain Chiropractic Care | El Paso, Tx (2019) 02:38
  7. 7 *Car Accident Injury* Chiropractic Solution  |  El Paso, TX (2019) *Car Accident Injury* Chiropractic Solution | El Paso, TX (2019) 02:25
  8. 8 Chronic Pain Chiropractor | El Paso, Tx (2019) Chronic Pain Chiropractor | El Paso, Tx (2019) 02:07
  9. 9 Chiropractic Help on Car Accidents | El Paso, Tx Chiropractic Help on Car Accidents | El Paso, Tx 02:27
  10. 10 *Car Accident Injuries* Treatment  |  El Paso, TX (2019) *Car Accident Injuries* Treatment | El Paso, TX (2019) 02:18
  11. 11 Why Chiropractor for Auto Injuries? | El Paso, Tx Why Chiropractor for Auto Injuries? | El Paso, Tx 02:30
  12. 12 *Neck* Pain Chiropractic Care | El Paso, Tx (2019) *Neck* Pain Chiropractic Care | El Paso, Tx (2019) 02:59
  13. 13 Personal Injury Chiropractic Care | El Paso, Tx (2019) Personal Injury Chiropractic Care | El Paso, Tx (2019) 02:16
  14. 14 Most Effective Chiropractor | El Paso, Tx (2019) Most Effective Chiropractor | El Paso, Tx (2019) 03:16
  15. 15 Personal Injury Lawyers & Chiropractors | El Paso, Tx Personal Injury Lawyers & Chiropractors | El Paso, Tx 02:47
  16. 16 Top Chiropractor Near Me | El Paso, Tx (Best) Top Chiropractor Near Me | El Paso, Tx (Best) 02:29
  17. 17 Chronic Body Pain Recovery | El Paso, Tx Chronic Body Pain Recovery | El Paso, Tx 01:57
  18. 18 Chiropractic Pain Relief | El Paso, Tx Chiropractic Pain Relief | El Paso, Tx 01:56
  19. 19 Quiropractico Recomendado | El Paso, Tx Quiropractico Recomendado | El Paso, Tx 02:11
  20. 20 Most Recommended Chiropractor El Paso, Tx Most Recommended Chiropractor El Paso, Tx 02:04
  21. 21 El Paso, TX Shoulder Pain Chiropractic Treatment El Paso, TX Shoulder Pain Chiropractic Treatment 02:52
  22. 22 El Paso, TX Lower Back Pain Chiropractor Treatment El Paso, TX Lower Back Pain Chiropractor Treatment 05:51
  23. 23 El Paso, TX Chiropractic Treatment for Car Accidents El Paso, TX Chiropractic Treatment for Car Accidents 02:37
  24. 24 El Paso, TX 18 Wheeler Accident Chiropractic Treatment El Paso, TX 18 Wheeler Accident Chiropractic Treatment 02:23
  25. 25 Chiropractic Neck Pain Treatment El Paso, TX Chiropractic Neck Pain Treatment El Paso, TX 02:14
  26. 26 El Paso, TX Chiropractor 79936 El Paso, TX Chiropractor 79936 02:00
  27. 27 Sciatica Pain Treatment in El Paso, TX Chiropractic Care Sciatica Pain Treatment in El Paso, TX Chiropractic Care 01:56
  28. 28 El Paso, TX Chiropractic Care For Auto Accidents El Paso, TX Chiropractic Care For Auto Accidents 03:28
  29. 29 El Paso, TX Chiropractic Care Neck Pain Treatment El Paso, TX Chiropractic Care Neck Pain Treatment 04:47
  30. 30 El Paso, TX Chiropractor Auto Accident Injuries El Paso, TX Chiropractor Auto Accident Injuries 07:00
  31. 31 El Paso, TX Chiropractor New Patient Intake Form El Paso, TX Chiropractor New Patient Intake Form 02:05
  32. 32 Whiplash Chiropractic Massage Therapy El Paso, TX Whiplash Chiropractic Massage Therapy El Paso, TX 01:55
  33. 33 El Paso, TX Cervical Pain Treatment Chiropractic Care El Paso, TX Cervical Pain Treatment Chiropractic Care 05:08
  34. 34 18 Wheeler Accident Pain Treatment Chiropractor El Paso, TX 18 Wheeler Accident Pain Treatment Chiropractor El Paso, TX 02:23
  35. 35 Shoulder Pain Treatment El Paso, TX Chiropractor Shoulder Pain Treatment El Paso, TX Chiropractor 02:49
  36. 36 Back Pain Management El Paso, TX Chiropractor Back Pain Management El Paso, TX Chiropractor 05:51
  37. 37 Car Accident Injury Treatment El Paso, TX Chiropractor Car Accident Injury Treatment El Paso, TX Chiropractor 02:36
  38. 38 Auto Accident Injury Treatment El Paso, TX Auto Accident Injury Treatment El Paso, TX 02:15
  39. 39 Neck Pain Treatment El Paso, TX Chiropractor Neck Pain Treatment El Paso, TX Chiropractor 02:15
  40. 40 Slip And Fall Injury Treatment El Paso, TX Chiropractor Slip And Fall Injury Treatment El Paso, TX Chiropractor 01:55
  41. 41 *CHIROPRACTOR* The Most Recommended | El Paso, Tx (2019) *CHIROPRACTOR* The Most Recommended | El Paso, Tx (2019) 02:19
  42. 42 *CHIROPRACTIC CARE* on Car Accident Injuries | El Paso, Tx (2019) *CHIROPRACTIC CARE* on Car Accident Injuries | El Paso, Tx (2019) 01:54

PUSH-as-Rx ®™ Beyond Rehabilitation For All - No Matter The Age

Again,  We Welcome You 👊🏻.

Our Purpose & Passions: I am a Doctor of Chiropractic specializing in progressive, cutting-edge therapies and functional rehabilitation procedures focused on clinical physiology, total health, practical strength training, and complete conditioning. We focus on restoring normal body functions after neck, back, spinal and soft tissue injuries.

We use Specialized Chiropractic Protocols, Wellness Programs, Functional & Integrative Nutrition, Agility & Mobility Fitness Training and Rehabilitation Systems for all ages.

As an extension to effective rehabilitation, we too offer our patients, disabled veterans, athletes, young and elder a diverse portfolio of strength equipment, high-performance exercises and advanced agility treatment options. We have teamed up with the cities premier doctors, therapist and trainers to provide high-level competitive athletes the possibilities to push themselves to their highest abilities within our facilities.

We’ve been blessed to use our methods with thousands of El Pasoans over the last three decades allowing us to restore our patients’ health and fitness while implementing researched non-surgical methods and functional wellness programs.

Our programs are natural and use the body’s ability to achieve specific measured goals, rather than introducing harmful chemicals, controversial hormone replacement, un-wanted surgeries, or addictive drugs. We want you to live a functional life that is fulfilled with more energy, a positive attitude, better sleep, and less pain. Our goal is to ultimately empower our patients to maintain the healthiest way of living.

With a bit of work, we can achieve optimal health together, no matter the age or disability.

Join us in improving your health for you and your family.

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Welcome & God Bless

EL PASO LOCATIONS

Central:
6440 Gateway East, Ste B
Phone: 915-850-0900

East Side:
11860 Vista Del Sol, Ste 128
Phone: 915-412-6677

Call (915) 850-0900 Today!

Clinic Location 1

Address: 11860 Vista Del Sol Dr Suite 128
El Paso, TX 79936
Phone
: (915) 412-6677
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Clinic Location 2

Address: 6440 Gateway East, Building B
El Paso, TX 79905
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Address: 1700 N Zaragoza Rd # 117
El Paso, TX 79936
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Address: 6440 Gateway East, Building B
El Paso, TX 79905
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El Paso, TX 79902
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