Lumbar Hyperextension Injury and Non-Surgical Spinal Decompression
Athletes and fitness enthusiasts work hard to stay in shape, but they are also at an increased risk for a lumbar hyperextension injury. Lumbar hyperextension injuries happen when the low back is bent backward repeatedly or overarches repeatedly. The repetitive stress can lead to severe complications and damage the nerves, vertebrae, and backbones. Motorized decompression therapy could be a treatment option.
Lumbar Hyperextension Injury
Injuries can be caused by overuse, improper mechanics and technique, lack of proper conditioning, insufficient stretching, or trauma. When looking for symptoms of lumbar hyperextension injuries, the first is low back pain that is severe and lasts at least a few days while becoming more intense with time. The lower back pain that worsens when extending, or arching the back, in addition to stiffness, muscle spasms, radiating buttock and thigh pain, tight hamstrings, and difficulty standing or walking, can be indicators of a lumbar hyperextension injury. However, this could be difficult to distinguish from other injuries like muscle strain, disc herniation, and stenosis; this is why a proper examination by a medical professional is recommended.
- Initial treatment consists of resting, sitting out from the sport, and other activities that could aggravate the back.
- A doctor may recommend over-the-counter non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications.
- Heat and ice can also be used to increase circulation and relieve pain.
If hyperextension of the back continues even after rest, it could signify a stress fracture in the vertebrae. This condition is referred to as spondylolysis. SpondylolysisÂ is an overuse injury.Â It occurs in individuals who participate in sports like gymnastics, diving, volleyball, football, and weight lifting. Spondylolysis andÂ spondylolisthesisÂ are common in adolescent athletes experiencing lower back pain.
- A doctor may assign a back brace to prevent movement, allowing the bone to heal back together.
- A doctor could also recommend physical therapy for 6-12 weeks after the diagnosis and once the bones have had time to heal.
- Rehabilitation exercises focus on improving back flexibility and strength.
- Athletes can be cleared to return to their sport within 3-6 months.
- Surgery is rarely necessary and only looked into if the individual continues to have persistent pain after 6-12 months of treatment.
Non-Surgical Spinal Decompression
- Spinal decompression works by gently stretching the spine.
- This changes the spine’s position, takes the pressure off the nerves and discs, and restores the cushioning.
- As the machine pulls the body, a vacuum effect fills the discs with oxygen and nutrients to stimulate healing.
- Computer technology controls treatment duration, angle, intensity, and relaxation.
Athletes and fitness enthusiasts are recommended to seek professional help to retrain how they perform repetitive and excessive high-impact activities. Specifically, those involving hyperextension movements like kicking, jumping, running, and back bending help minimize the risk of developing a back injury. They are also recommended to maintain body conditioning, back and hamstring flexibility, core muscle strength and endurance, cardiovascular fitness, and properly warming up and stretching before and after the physical activities.
DOC Decompression Table
Ball, J.R., Harris, C.B., Lee, J. et al. Lumbar Spine Injuries in Sports: Review of the Literature and Current Treatment Recommendations. Sports Med – Open 5, 26 (2019). doi.org/10.1186/s40798-019-0199-7
Carter, D R, and V H Frankel. â€œBiomechanics of hyperextension injuries to the cervical spine in football.â€ The American journal of sports medicine vol. 8,5 (1980): 302-9. doi:10.1177/036354658000800502
Goetzinger, Sara, et al. â€œSpondylolysis in Young Athletes: An Overview Emphasizing Nonoperative Management.â€ Journal of sports medicine (Hindawi Publishing Corporation) vol. 2020 9235958. 21 Jan. 2020, doi:10.1155/2020/9235958
Lawrence, Kevin J et al. â€œLumbar spondylolysis in the adolescent athlete.â€ Physical therapy in sport: official journal of the Association of Chartered Physiotherapists in Sports Medicine vol. 20 (2016): 56-60. doi:10.1016/j.ptsp.2016.04.003
Low Back Pain: Could it be a Spondy? Nationwide Childrenâ€™s Hospital. (n.d.). www.nationwidechildrens.org/specialties/sports-medicine/sports-medicine-articles/low-back-pain-could-it-be-a-spondy.
Professional Scope of Practice *
The information herein on "Lumbar Hyperextension Injury and Non-Surgical Spinal Decompression" is not intended to replace a one-on-one relationship with a qualified health care professional, or licensed physician, and is not medical advice. We encourage you to make your own healthcare decisions based on your research and partnership with a qualified healthcare professional.
Blog Information & Scope Discussions
Our information scope is limited to Chiropractic, musculoskeletal, physical medicines, wellness, contributing etiological viscerosomatic disturbances within clinical presentations, associated somatovisceral reflex clinical dynamics, subluxation complexes, sensitive health issues, and/or functional medicine articles, topics, and discussions.
We provide and present clinical collaboration with specialists from a wide array of disciplines. Each specialist is governed by their professional scope of practice and their jurisdiction of licensure. We use functional health & wellness protocols to treat and support care for the injuries or disorders of the musculoskeletal system.
Our videos, posts, topics, subjects, and insights cover clinical matters, issues, and topics that relate to and support, directly or indirectly, our clinical scope of practice.*
Our office has made a reasonable attempt to provide supportive citations and has identified the relevant research study or studies supporting our posts. We provide copies of supporting research studies available to regulatory boards and the public upon request.
We understand that we cover matters that require an additional explanation of how it may assist in a particular care plan or treatment protocol; therefore, to further discuss the subject matter above, please feel free to ask Dr. Alex Jimenez DC or contact us at 915-850-0900.
We are here to help you and your family.
Dr. Alex Jimenez DC, MSACP, CCST, IFMCP*, CIFM*, ATN*
Licensed in: Texas & New Mexico*
Dr. Alex Jimenez DC, MSACP, CIFM*, IFMCP*, ATN*, CCST
My Digital Business Card
Comments are closed.