WhiplashWhiplash and chronic whiplash injuries are common in motor vehicle accidents. More than 3 million Americans will see a doctor and a chiropractor for automobile accidents and whiplash effects. It only takes a 2.5 mph hit to cause an injury. And whiplash doesn’t only happen when hit from behind, there are several ways an individual can be subjected to whiplash, including being T-boned, amusement park rides, and falling off a bicycle or a horse.
SymptomsMost whiplash symptoms develop in the first twenty-four hours, but this is not always the case. Common symptoms include:
- Neck pain
- A stiff neck
- Intense neck pain when moving, rotating
- Headaches that start at the base of the head
- Loss of range of motion
- Shoulder pain
- Arm pain
- Upper back pain
- Low back pain
- Blurred vision
- Difficulty with concentration
- Memory difficulties
- Sleep disorders
Facts and StatsMost individuals realize they have whiplash a day or two after, but for others, it can take a few weeks or even months to present. Whiplash is classified by degree or grade:
Grade 0The individual has no complaints and there are no symptoms/signs of physical injury.
Grade 1There is neck pain but there are no physical signs of injury.
Grade 2There are signs/symptoms of musculoskeletal damage and neck pain is presenting.
Grade 3There are signs/symptoms of neurological damage and neck pain is presenting. The average amount of time most individuals stay home from work is around 40 days. However, when whiplash pain lasts longer than a few weeks, it is deemed to be chronic whiplash.
Chronic WhiplashSome individuals with whiplash experience painful symptoms for years. This is true of those that avoid or refuse medical attention and learn to live with it.
Treatment OptionsThere are very effective methods for treating whiplash and chronic whiplash injuries. Depending on the extent of the injury/s, developing the right treatment/rehabilitation plan requires individual consultation with a chiropractor to discuss options that can include:
Pain ReliefThe pain can be excruciating. Over-the-counter pain relievers like ibuprofen for temporary relief. However, the individual will need extended treatment to ensure it does not become chronic pain.
Neck BraceNeck braces help limit the pain, but should not be worn for more than three or four days. If worn for too long the neck muscles are prevented from gaining the strength needed to support the head.
Don’t Sit For Too LongAvoid keeping the head in any one position for too long. This includes sitting in bed, watching TV, or working at a desk. This places a large amount of pressure and stress on the neck, making the pain even more severe and longer-lasting.
Sleeping Properly and ComfortablyFor many, it can be difficult to get into a comfortable position when sleeping. Sleeping on the back with the head turned to one side can worsen the pain. Try a high-quality ergonomic pillow that allows the individual to sleep on their side and takes the pressure off of the neck.
Spinal AlignmentWhiplash can cause the spine to shift out of alignment. This can lead to additional problems in the back or shoulders. Itâ€™s always a good idea to see a chiropractor that specializes in motor vehicle accident injuries to realign the spine and neck, as well as for rehabilitation to strengthen the muscles and prevent further injuries. See a chiropractor for an evaluation of the injuries and develop a customized treatment plan that works for the individual’s condition.
Everyone is differentSome individuals can be stiff and sore for a few days and then are okay with not much pain. Some individuals experience severe pain immediately after the wreck, while others have no pain for days or even weeks. Both scenarios are pretty common. Soft tissue injuries can be very deceiving. Some donâ€™t experience any pain for months after the accident. Many donâ€™t think they need to see a doctor or chiropractor because there is no pain or symptoms. However, underneath serious problems could be getting ready to present including:
- Constant headaches
- Numbness or pins and needles in the hands or arms
- Pain between the shoulder blades
- Poor posture
- Chronic muscle tension
- Painful spasms
- Degeneration of the discs
- Painful inflamed arthritis
- The quick development of arthritis
- Sore, tight, or inflexible muscles
- Sleep disturbances
A decrease in physical activityPhysical inactivity is a primary factor in the progression of sarcopenia. Resistance exercise can help maintain muscle mass and help build muscular strength. Individuals that are more sedentary can exacerbate the effects of sarcopenia.
A decrease in motor neuronsAging is accompanied by motor neuron loss resulting from cell death. This leads to a decrease in muscle fiber. This decrease in muscle fibers leads to:
- Impaired performance
- A reduction in functional capacity
- A decreased ability to perform everyday tasks
Dr. Alex Jimenezâ€™s Blog Post DisclaimerThe scope of our information is limited to chiropractic, musculoskeletal, physical medicines, wellness, and sensitive health issues and/or functional medicine articles, topics, and discussions. We use functional health & wellness protocols to treat and support care for injuries or disorders of the musculoskeletal system. Our posts, topics, subjects, and insights cover clinical matters, issues, and topics that relate and support directly or indirectly our clinical scope of practice.* Our office has made a reasonable attempt to provide supportive citations and has identified the relevant research study or studies supporting our posts. We also make copies of supporting research studies available to the board and or the public upon request. We understand that we cover matters that require an additional explanation as to how it may assist in a particular care plan or treatment protocol; therefore, to further discuss the subject matter above, please feel free to ask Dr. Alex Jimenez or contact us at 915-850-0900. The provider(s) Licensed in Texas& New Mexico*
ReferencesHow the Neck Works:Â UpToDate. (2020) â€œPatient education: Neck pain (Beyond the Basics).Â https://www.uptodate.com/contents/neck-pain-beyond-the-basics Symptoms:Â PLOS ONE. (2018) â€œThoracic dysfunction in whiplash-associated disorders: A systematic review.â€Â https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5865734/ Causes:Â Mayo Clinic. (N.d.) â€œWhiplash.â€Â https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/whiplash/symptoms-causes/syc-20378921
The information herein on "Whiplash and Chronic Whiplash Injuries Following An Automobile Accident" is not intended to replace a one-on-one relationship with a qualified health care professional, or licensed physician, and is not medical advice. We encourage you to make your own healthcare decisions based on your research and partnership with a qualified healthcare professional.
Our information scope is limited to Chiropractic, musculoskeletal, physical medicines, wellness, contributing etiological viscerosomatic disturbances within clinical presentations, associated somatovisceral reflex clinical dynamics, subluxation complexes, sensitive health issues, and/or functional medicine articles, topics, and discussions.
We provide and present clinical collaboration with specialists from a wide array of disciplines. Each specialist is governed by their professional scope of practice and their jurisdiction of licensure. We use functional health & wellness protocols to treat and support care for the injuries or disorders of the musculoskeletal system.
Our videos, posts, topics, subjects, and insights cover clinical matters, issues, and topics that relate to and support, directly or indirectly, our clinical scope of practice.*
Our office has made a reasonable attempt to provide supportive citations and has identified the relevant research study or studies supporting our posts. We provide copies of supporting research studies available to regulatory boards and the public upon request.
We understand that we cover matters that require an additional explanation of how it may assist in a particular care plan or treatment protocol; therefore, to further discuss the subject matter above, please feel free to ask Dr. Alex Jimenez DC or contact us at 915-850-0900.
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Dr. Alex Jimenez DC, MSACP, CIFM*, IFMCP*, ATN*, CCST
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