- Blood vessel
- Nerve fiber
SymptomsSymptoms can be felt throughout the body’s myofascial chains, but are often intensified in the lower back and neck. They include:
- Aching muscle pain
- Pain that does not stop or worsens and does not ease up
- Tender knots felt around the muscles
- Excessive pressure on muscles or joints that present pain
- Sleep issues from the pain or discomfort
FactorsFactors that can cause the fascia to go through adhesion or become sticky/gluey, and wrinkled include:
- A sedentary lifestyle with limited or no physical activity
- Overuse/Repetitive movements that overwork a certain area of the body
- Trauma – automobile accident, work/personal injury
CausesPain can be generated from the skeletal muscle or connective tissues being held down by tight or tightening fascia. The pain can also come from damaged myofascial tissue. This can happen where muscle fibers contract causing restriction, specifically at a trigger point. Or a muscle contraction can block proper blood flow to the structures, which keep the contraction process going until the area is treated. Tissue tightness that restricts movement or pulls the body out of alignment. This will cause an individual to favor the side of the body that is not hurting. An example is individuals with low back pain or sciatica will lean to one side. However, now they are overusing that hip creating a set up for more injuries.
Myofascial ChainsMyofascial chains include the front/anterior, and back/posterior chain. The back connects the following structures:
Chiropractic TreatmentA chiropractor can use a variety of examination and treatment techniques for myofascial pain. A chiropractor trained in differential diagnosis is especially helpful if the pain is felt in one place, but the actual root cause is in another area, specifically going along the myofascial chain. Treatments can include:
- Massage targeting the affected muscle with the intent of loosening up the tissues to alleviate pain.
- Myofascial release therapy releases muscle tightness and shortness.
- Stretches can help lengthen the muscles and relieve tension.