The primary types of headache disorders include, headaches without a seemingly identifiable cause, for example, tension-type headaches, or TTH, migraines, chronic daily headaches, medication overuse headaches and trigeminal autonomic cephalagia, or cluster headache. The secondary types of headache disorders include, headaches associated with secondary pathologies, for example, cervicogenic headaches, TMJ, infection, brain tumors and stroke. Cranial neuropathies, facial pains and other types of headache disorders include, headaches related to neural disorders of the head and neck, for example, trigeminal neuralgia.
Since each form of headache has a different pathological foundation and because an incorrect differential diagnosis will often lead to treatment failure, it is essential to properly diagnose the type of headache. This is of particular importance for manual therapy interventions, alternatively, they are unlikely to be effective for the majority of headache forms. When considering the best clinical approach to athletes experiencing symptoms of headache, there is a helpful tool, which can be utilized when contemplating the appropriate management pathway.
The most common form of headaches are tension-type headaches, or TTH, affecting up to 38 percent of individuals globally, as compared to migraines, which affect up to 10 percent of the population, chronic daily headaches, affecting 3 percent and cervicogenic headaches, which affect from 2.5 to 4.1 percent of individuals. Cervicogenic headaches primarily originate as a result of musculoskeletal dysfunction in the upper three cervical sections. The prevalence is as high as 53 percent in the general population or athletes with headache symptoms after experiencing whiplash-associated trauma.
Headaches are a highly common affliction, affecting approximately 66 percent of the general population, causing pain and discomfort which can alter an individual’s quality of life and work rate. Up to fourteen various forms of headaches have been previously recorded. A classification of headache disorders can be beneficial to diagnose an individual’s cause of headache. For more information, please feel free to ask Dr. Jimenez or contact us at (915) 850-0900.